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Crown and Bridge

Crown

A crown (or cap) is a covering that encases the entire tooth surface, restoring it to its original shape and size.  This can be to done to prevent vulnerable teeth from fracturing or provide teeth with large fillings a stable and reliable restoration.

Although there are several types of crowns, porcelain (tooth coloured crown) are the most popular.  They are highly durable and will last many years, but like most dental restorations, they may eventually need to be replaced. 

Reasons for crowns:

  • Broken or fractured teeth.
  • Cosmetic enhancement.
  • Decayed teeth.
  • Fractured fillings.
  • Large fillings.
  • Tooth has a root canal.

What does getting a crown involve?

A crown procedure usually requires two appointments.  Your first appointment will include preparation of the tooth and a highly accurate impression that will be used to create your custom crown.  A temporary crown will stay on your tooth for approximately two weeks until your new crown is fabricated in the dental laboratory.

At your second appointment the temporary crown is removed and your new crown will be carefully placed to ensure the spacing and bite are accurate.

You will be given care instructions and encouraged to have regular dental visits to check your new crown.

 

Bridge

A dental bridge is a fixed appliance in the mouth to replace missing teeth.

There are several types of bridges.  You and your dentist will discuss the best options for your particular case.  A conventional type of bridge consists of two crowns that go over two anchoring teeth (abutment teeth) and are attached to pontics (artificial teeth), filling the gap created by one or more missing teeth.  

Reasons for a fixed bridge:

  • Fill space of missing teeth.
  • Maintain facial shape.
  • Prevent remaining teeth from drifting out of position.
  • Restore chewing and speaking ability.
  • Restore your smile.
  • Upgrade from a removable partial denture to a permanent dental appliance.

Getting a bridge usually requires two or more visits.  While the teeth are numb, the two anchoring teeth are prepared by removing a portion of enamel to allow for a crown.  Next, a highly accurate impression (mold) is made which will be sent to a dental laboratory where the bridge will be fabricated.  In addition, a temporary bridge will be made and worn until your next appointment.

At the second visit, your permanent bridge will be carefully checked, adjusted, and cemented to achieve a proper fit.  

You will receive care instructions at the conclusion of the procedure.  Proper brushing, flossing, and regular dental visits will aid in the life of your new, permanent bridge.